Entreprenurship and Small Business Review (ESBR)
  Entreprenurship and Small Business Review (ESBR)
  Published by: Hailey College of Commerce
  ISSN- 2789-6374  
Frequency: Annual  

Instructions for Authors
Author's Guideline (Submission Guidelines)
  • Authors can submit their article, case studies, conceptual papers etc. by sending word documents at editor.esbr@hcc.edu.pk.
  • Author should submit manuscript as single WORD file containing text, tables and figures.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no specific formatting guidelines but a standard manuscript should have Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Implications, Limitations & future direction and Conclusions as the major sections.
  • We prefer APA (latest edition) as the formatting and referencing guidelines, but references maintained in any other style would also be acceptable for review. If the manuscript is accepted the authors would then have to format the manuscript as per the APA guidelines.

General Instructions and Formatting

Length of Paper
The manuscript should not exceed 8000 words (including text, tables, figures and references).


The language of the manuscript should be English (preferable British)

First page
The first page of the manuscript should have (i) title of article, authors details (names, affiliations, and contact details), conflict of interest statement, acknowledgements, abstract, and keywords.

Title of the paper should not exceed 18 words

Author (s) name and Affiliation(s)
Author (s) should indicate the given name and family name. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the email address and telephone number of each author.
Author (s) should not mention names and affiliation in the main text of the manuscript

Corresponding Author
Indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the email address and the complete postal address.

Sponsoring Information
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it. If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.

A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions briefly.

Subdivision of the Articles
Author(s) should subdivide their article into various sections. They may use heading style from APA heading style.

Table and Figures
Author(s) may present tables and figures in line with the text. Please note that the article will be published in black and white.

Author(s) should preferably follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit www.apastyle.org to learn more about APA style.

Citations in the text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).

Reference List
References should be arranged according to APA (latest edition) style of referencing

Plagiarism Policy
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Review follows the HEC guidelines/criteria for all types of plagiarism. The same can be accessed at HEC Plagiarism Policy. All the submitted manuscripts are subjected to plagiarism checking through the software Turnitin (courtesy HEC). Manuscripts with similarity index more than 19% are not processed further unless rectified. It is the authors' responsibility to apprise themselves of plagiarism in any form including paraphrasing and self-plagiarism.

For a plagiarized article (multiple submissions) in processing, the identification of act will lead to dropping of article from further processing / consideration of publication. The corresponding author will be required to give an explanation on demand. In case of an unsatisfactory reply, the matter will be referred to the disciplinary committee that may decide the course of action. For a published article, the allegedly plagiarized article will be temporarily retracted from publication and a notice to the effect will be published in the JIS. The author will be served an explanation demand. In case of non-response in the stipulated time or unsatisfactory explanation, the article will be permanently retracted and the author will be blacklisted. HEC and author's institute will also be notified. In case of multiple submissions, other editors will also be informed. The author(s) will have to provide documentary proof of retraction from publication, if such a defense is pleaded. Those claiming intellectual / idea or data theft of an article must provide documentary proof in their claim.

Review Guidelines
Reviewers should respond with in stipulated time frame, which is one week (7 days) for the journal. Reviewers should try to fill in all the parts of reviewers report so that a fair judgment regarding the quality of the paper can be made As review is essential step towards publication process, every reviewer is therefore supposed to be fair in reviewing. Any reviewer who feels him/herself as unqualified, or not having judgment idea or deficit of time should inform editor promptly, so that the paper can be forwarded elsewhere. The review should be objective one, and personal feelings, judgments or biasness should not affect the review and its outcomes. A reviewer should not review a paper that discusses any point that might have conflict of opinion with reviewer. No manuscript should be reviewed which is authored, co-authored or authored by some known person/s, in order to avoid biasness. A manuscript sent for review is confidential document, so it should be treated fairly and secretary and should not be shown somewhere else. Reviewers should comment on each point clearly so that the judgment regarding acceptance/rejection or changes may be made on the basis of review If reviewer notices any similarity with any other paper published in any other journal, containing same contents and that issued should be addressed to editor.

Submission Preparation Checklist
Before submitting the manuscript, author(s) should check the following list:

  • Author(s) make sure to read all the guidelines of the journal.

  • The submission is neither published elsewhere nor under consideration

  • The submission is in Word format
  • The submission could be asked for changes (related to formatting, referencing etc.) after acceptance

  • The author(s) must not mention their name and affiliation in the main text.

  • A conflict-of-interest statement should be submitted by the author(s).

  • Authorship certificate (mentioning contribution and originality of the manuscript) should be submitted at the time of

  • submission.
  • A plagiarism report should be submitted along with the manuscript.

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