- Authors can submit their article, case studies, conceptual papers etc.
by sending word documents at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Author should submit manuscript as single WORD file containing text,
tables and figures.
- Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
- There are no specific formatting guidelines but a standard manuscript
should have Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology,
Results, Discussion, Implications, Limitations & future direction
and Conclusions as the major sections.
- We prefer APA (latest edition) as the formatting and referencing guidelines,
but references maintained in any other style would also be acceptable for
review. If the manuscript is accepted the authors would then have to format
the manuscript as per the APA guidelines.
General Instructions and Formatting
Length of Paper
The manuscript should not exceed 8000 words (including text, tables, figures
The language of the manuscript should be English (preferable British)
The manuscript's first page should have title, author (s) details (names,
affiliations, and contact details), conflict of interest statement, acknowledgments,
abstract, and keywords.
Title of the paper should not exceed 18 words
Author (s) name and Affiliation(s)
The author (s) should indicate the given name and family name. Below the names,
present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the work was done).
Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately
after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide
the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and
the email address of each author.
Author (s) should not mention names and affiliation in the main text of the
Indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-
publication issues. Please ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are
provided in addition to the email address and the complete postal address.
Please indicate if the research is sponsored or supported by an organization.
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words).
The abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research, the principal
results, and the major conclusions.
Enter five to seven keywords in lowercase, except for acronyms. Use commas
to separate your list of keywords.
Subdivision of the Articles
The author (s) should subdivide their article into various sections. They
may use the heading style from the APA heading style.
Table and Figures
The author (s) may present tables and figures in line with
Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please
visit www.apastyle.org to learn more about APA style.
Citations in the text:
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also in the reference
list (and vice versa).
- Reference List
References should be arranged according to APA (latest edition) referencing
Leadership & Organization Behavior Journal follows the Higher Education Commission of
Pakistan (HEC) guidelines/criteria for all types of plagiarism. The same can be accessed at
HEC Plagiarism Policy. All submitted manuscripts are subject to plagiarism checking through
Turnitin software (courtesy of HEC). Manuscripts with a more than 19% similarity index are
only processed further if rectified. The author must apprise themselves of plagiarism in any
form, including paraphrasing and self-plagiarism.
For a plagiarized article (multiple submissions) in processing, the identification of the act will
lead to dropping the article from further processing/consideration of publication. The
corresponding author will be required to explain demand. In case of an unsatisfactory reply,
the matter will be referred to the disciplinary committee that may decide the course of
action. For a published article, the allegedly plagiarized article will be temporarily retracted
from publication, and a notice to the effect will be published in the JIS. The author will be
served an explanation demand. In case of a non-response in the stipulated time or an
unsatisfactory explanation, the article will be permanently retracted, and the author will be
black-listed. HEC and the author's institute will also be notified. In case of multiple
submissions, other editors will also be informed. The author(s) must provide documentary
proof of retraction from publication if such a defense is pleaded. Those claiming intellectual /
idea or data theft of an article must provide documentary proof.
Reviewers should respond within the stipulated time frame of one week (7 days) for the
journal. Reviewers should fill in all the parts of reviewers' reports so that a fair judgment
regarding the quality of the paper can be made. The review is an essential step towards the
publication process; every reviewer is, therefore, supposed to be fair in reviewing. Any
reviewer who feels unqualified or needs a judgment idea or deficit of time should promptly
inform the editor so the paper can be forwarded elsewhere. The review should be objective,
and personal feelings, judgments, or biases should not affect the review and its outcomes. A
reviewer should not review a paper that discusses any point that might conflict with the
reviewer's opinion. No manuscript that is authored, co-authored, or authored by some
known person/s should be reviewed to avoid biases. A manuscript sent for review is a
confidential document, so it should be treated fairly by the secretary and should not be
shown somewhere else. Reviewers should comment on each point clearly so that the
judgment regarding acceptance/rejection or changes may be made based on the review. If
the reviewer notices any similarity with any other paper published in any other journal
containing the same contents that was issued, it should be addressed to the editor.