Estb. 1882

University of the Punjab
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Political Systems (Developing)


This course is designed to enable the students for a comparative study of the political systems of Pakistan, India, Turkey and Iran. This study will not only provide the students with basic knowledge about the actual functioning of these political systems, but also enable them to make a meaningful comparison among any of the countries and find out the reasons of malfunctioning, if any.


Following aspects of the political systems of the Countries under reference shall be studied: -

1. Historical background and development;

2. Constitutional/legal foundations of the system;

3. Political process:

a. Political parties and pressure groups;

b. Functioning of the organs of the government: legislature, executive and judiciary

c. Political environmental factors influencing the politics such as geographic, socio-economic, international scenario, media etc.

4. Political culture: Salient features, public participation, ideological orientations, nature of civil-military relations.

Credit hours/ Marks:- 04 Cr. Hrs.

Reference Books

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